New Pay Transparency Law Requires Private and Public Employers to Include a Pay Scale in Job Postings and Increased Pay Data Reporting

California public and private employers should begin preparing for significant new requirements for job postings and pay data reporting. On September 27, 2022 Governor Newsom signed Senate Bill 1162 (“SB 1162”), a “wage transparency law” that among other things, requires employers of 15 or more employees to include a pay scale in job postings, and for all employers to provide this information upon request. Large private employers also have new pay data reporting requirements.

The following changes will go into effect on January 1, 2023 under SB1162:

Pay Scale Information — for public and private employers:

  • Employers with more than 15 employees will be required to include a pay scale in salary and hourly job postings, including third-party postings.
  • All employers must provide current employees with a pay scale for their position upon request. Applicants are also entitled to this information upon reasonable request.
  • All employers must maintain a record of each employee’s job title and wage history during their employment period and for three years thereafter. If the employer fails to keep these records, it creates a rebuttable presumption favoring employee claims.
  • There is a new private right of action for injunctive relief or other relief.
  • New civil penalties of $100 to $10,000 are authorized for any violation of the requirements for disclosure, recordkeeping, and other requirements of Labor Code section 432.3.

Annual Pay Data Report – for private employers only:

  • Private employers with 100 or more employees must now submit an annual pay data report with new information on median and mean hourly rates by race, ethnicity, and sex within each job category, regardless of whether a federal EEO-1 form is required.
  • Private employers with 100 or more employees hired through labor contractors must now submit a separate pay data report for those employees.
  • Failure to provide the report can lead to civil penalties as high as $200 per employee.
  • This information must now be submitted on or before the second Wednesday of May, including May 2023.

Takeaways for Employers:

  • Pay Scale
    • Employers should prepare pay scales for each position, as this information may be requested by current employees and applicants.
    • For employers of 15 or more employees, establish policies and revise hiring processes to ensure compliance with new job posting requirements. Still to be clarified is whether employers seeking remote employees (who may or not work in California) must post pay scale information.
    • There may be more litigation because technical violations of the new pay scale requirements could lead to additional claims under the California Private Attorneys General Act (“PAGA”).
  • Pay Data Report
    • Private employers of 100 or more employees (or contracted workers), should establish practices to collect and analyze the information for the pay data reports.
    • Consider whether your pay scale and pay data suggests adjustments are needed to increase pay equity.

Additional updates and information regarding these new requirements will follow. As always, please reach out to your employment counsel at Meyers Nave if you have any questions, concerns, needs for clarification or if you would like further assistance.

Meyers Nave Named to the Los Angeles Business Journal’s 2022 Most Admired Law Firms List

Meyers Nave is proud to once again be named among the 2022 Most Admired Law Firms by the Los Angeles Business Journal.

The publication noted that the firms selected are “consciously working towards creating diverse, positive and supportive environments to help drive the success of their attorneys.”

The publication noted that Meyer Nave has “tallied numerous wins in pro bono and land use matters with a strong public interest, including the new Los Angeles Clippers stadium and the site for the City of Anaheim’s “Big A 2050” mixed-use plaza for the Los Angeles Angels.”

Meyers Nave aims to distinguish itself by the meaningful work it does for its clients, the difference it makes in its communities and the leadership roles its attorneys hold in the legal profession. The firm is also committed to improving diversity and inclusion throughout its offices, in the legal profession and California’s communities.

Meyers Nave Celebrates Hispanic Heritage Month

Each year, National Hispanic Heritage Month is celebrated from September 15 to October 15, honoring the histories, cultures and contributions of Americans whose ancestors came from Spain, Mexico, the Caribbean and Central and South America.

At Meyers Nave, we are committed to increasing and promoting diversity among our employees while improving the inclusion and belonging experience.

In honor of Hispanic Heritage Month, we asked our Latinx and Hispanic employees to share what this month means to them and the impact of their culture on their careers.

National Hispanic Heritage Month Meyers Nave

Brenda Quezada, Legal Secretary

Why is your heritage important to you?
Heritage is part of my herencia de vivir and being connected so deeply to my roots and the culture from my parents’ life and history in Mexico has always been important to me. I always remind myself not only of the struggles and sacrifices my parents had in Mexico as well when they came to the United States.

Keeping our heritage and traditions alive is an important way to honor and to show our pride in our culture. Speaking Spanish, appreciating Mexican culture when it comes to music, food and art are part of my everyday life, and I hope to pass that appreciation to my son as he continues to learn and grow.

What impact has your heritage had on your career?
My parents always stressed the importance of working hard, being humble but also offering what you can and learning what you don’t know. I think about the sacrifices they made and the opportunities those sacrifices have opened for me, which makes me proud of my contributions at work.

Who are some of your favorite Latinx/Hispanic artists or authors?
Sandra Cisneros, Frida, Cesar Chavez and Lin-Manuel Miranda to name a few.

Any favorite Latinx/Hispanic local businesses?
There are many great shops in Downtown Sacramento I like to visit such as Casa De Mercado, Kulture Imports and Chulo Baby. When it comes to food, I love Cantina Alley or locating Jefitaz Menudo, a local food truck that does pop-up events.

What are your favorite cultural traditions/dishes?
In terms of cultural traditions, I enjoy Dia de Los Muertos altar and family gatherings where we make weekend carne asadas and tamales during the holidays. When it comes to food, I love chiles rellenos, albondigas and buñuelos during the holidays.


Hispanic Heritage Month - Erica Gonzalez

Erica Gonzalez, Associate

Why is your heritage important to you?

My heritage gives me great pride. It is the celebration and appreciation of the history and traditions of my ancestors from Mexico and Peru as well as the foundation of my identity and values. My parents assimilated into U.S. culture during a time of reclamation for their cultural pride and identity fueled by the civil rights movement. They taught me the importance of understanding my culture, and inspired me to work hard while giving me the courage to embrace the unique insights and qualities my culture affords me.

What impact has your heritage had on your career?

My heritage is intertwined with my professional and personal identity. I am the first in my family to attend law school, and have seen firsthand the importance of representation in the legal profession and how it can influence my community. The exposure that I gained from my upbringing taught me to approach each experience with determination, warmth and understanding.

Who are some of your favorite Latinx/Hispanic artists or authors?

Maná, Celia Cruz, Gabriel García Márquez, Isabel Allende, Frida Kahlo and Lalo Alcaraz.

Any favorite Latinx/Hispanic local businesses?

I’ve recently been exploring wine country by supporting members of the Mexican American Vinters Association. Some of my favorites include Mi Sueño and Tres Perlas. For Latin-inspired coffee drinks I love Tierra Mia coffee and La Ventana Café. Other businesses include Kuali Salsa and a French inspired bakery owned by my dear friend and Latina local business owner, Le Dix-Sept Pâtisserie.

What are your favorite cultural traditions/dishes?

My favorite traditions center around the Christmas holidays when my entire family gathers to celebrate with food and music. I hold especially dear the memories of my grandparents by carrying on the annual traditions of making tamales and re-creating my grandfather’s hot chocolate.

What is the best career advice you’ve ever received?

The most impactful words in my legal career came to me as words of motivation while studying for the bar exam. I remember telling my law professor that I was doubting my abilities because “statistically I was not meant to succeed in law.” She told me to hold my head high and never doubt myself again because statistically I wasn’t supposed to be where I was sitting that day and yet, there I was breaking barriers and defying the odds. I carry that with me as inspiration to this day.


Alex Kat Hispanic Heritage Month Proflile

Alex Kat, Law Clerk

Why is your heritage important to you?
My heritage is important to me because being connected to the past whether it’s culture, traditions or legacy, helps shape the future I want to create. Knowing where I came from lays the foundation for me to continue to persevere and aspire to not only provide for my family but set up the next generation for success.

What impact has your heritage/culture had on your career?
My heritage reminds me where I came from and keeps me rooted. It fuels my passion, it keeps me humble, and I am reminded I am never alone on my journey because my actions represent an entire group.

Who are some of your favorite Latinx/Hispanic artists/authors?
I love the sound of Latin music. Marc Anthony, Carlos Vives, Shakira are a few of my favorite musicians.

Any favorite Latinx/Hispanic local businesses?
Mujeres Brew House and Tacos El Gordo.

What are your favorite cultural traditions/dishes?
Making tamales for the holidays has always been my favorite. However, my daughter recently fell in love with the movie Coco and is getting old enough to learn about Dia de los Muertos and honoring the memories of family we have lost.

What is the best career advice you’ve ever received?
Change your mindset to see the magic happen.

Tell us about any volunteer activities.
I have currently put everything on hold as I make my transition from student to attorney. Once I’m settled in, I hope to get involved serving with the San Diego La Raza Lawyers Association and continuing to serve as a mentor and resource for law students in the San Diego community.

Viviana Heger

Viviana Heger, Of Counsel

Why is your heritage important to you?
It’s important to hold on to the history that shaped my grandparents, parents and extended family.

My parents carried on the traditions of their parents and so did I with my children. We grew up with a “Yes you can” (“Si, se puede”) type of upbringing where achievement was viewed as always possible. For my parents to immigrate from Argentina to the United States – without knowing English – took a lot of courage and determination. This type of heritage is important because it helps me remember to strive as much as they did for the benefit of my children and theirs.

What impact has your heritage/culture had on your career?
My parents were very expressive and passionate, and the active level of communication we shared led all of us to excel in school and particularly in language arts. Family discussions could turn to disagreements quickly and then to resolution. This was very different from my American friends, but it helped us appreciate the importance of expression, being candid, being honest and striving to sharpen each other. This level of communication shaped my career immensely because it allowed those communication traits to be honed into skills and later into legal tools.

Who are some of your favorite Latinx/Hispanic artists/authors?
Honestly, Spanish literature is just too wildly complicated having studied more Jorge Luis Borges than I wanted in Spanish Lit; nonetheless, I did enjoy Isabel Allende “House of the Spirits” and “Hundred Years of Solitude” by Gabriel García Marquez.

Any favorite Latinx/Hispanic local businesses?
My family’s: Grand Casino bakery in Culver City! Any Argentine steakhouse that is authentic, probably Lala’s and Carlito Gardel’s.

What are your favorite cultural traditions/dishes?
Empanadas, faturas (pastries), milanesa, flan and the list goes on.

What is the best career advice you’ve ever received?
Not surprising my best career advice was from my parents. My dad could easily see law school made sense for me because I loved legal studies during college. Then, as I started to become more senior in my career, my mother – a strong businesswoman – taught me not to stress over slow periods of workload because work would come. Their advice has greatly helped me.

Tell us about any volunteer activities.
In the past, I volunteered with Christian Legal Aid where many clients were Latinos or low-income and needed legal advice. That was quite rewarding and tearful at times. I’ve also been able to handle special education cases, most notably one matter that kept me busy for about six months and resulted in a successful Individualized Education Program (“IEP”).

My most rewarding volunteer activity was providing volunteer income tax assistance to mostly Latino populations. Volunteering with elementary school-age reading programs has been rewarding. Most recently, most of my volunteer activities are at church with the funeral team, which is really more uplifting than it sounds.

Christina Keegan, Receptionist

Why is your heritage important to you?
My heritage is important to me because simply put, it makes me who I am. My sister and I are first-generation Americans. My mother was born and raised in El Salvador; she grew up very differently than we did. Listening to stories of her past was always interesting to me. I wish I had asked more questions.

What impact has your heritage/culture had on your career?
My culture has absolutely helped my career in that I can communicate with people in Spanish (and German) when they call or visit our office. Our household growing up was trilingual, my parents would speak to us in their languages, and my sister and I would answer in English. Now that I am older, I wish I would have used my languages more, but I can get by pretty well with what I do know.

Who are some of your favorite Latinx/Hispanic artists/authors?
If I had to pick a favorite Latinx artist, it would be Carlos Santana. My husband and I enjoy going to rock concerts. I have yet to see Carlos Santana, so I will need to put him on our list.

What are your favorite cultural traditions/dishes?
My all-time favorite tradition was on Christmas Eve. We celebrated Christmas and opened presents on Christmas Eve, not Christmas morning. After opening presents at our house, we would get in the car and drive one hour to San Francisco to my aunt’s house to visit our extended family, make tamales and stay up late into the night and then open our presents with our cousins at midnight.

What is the best career advice you’ve ever received?
The best “life” advice I have ever received is from my dad. It’s actually in German, and it’s three words “Immer Weiter Machen,” which means “always keep going.” Often, he will just text me IWM. It’s short and sweet, and truly the best to me.

Richard Macias, Operations Manager

Why is your heritage important to you?
My heritage is important to me because it’s my identity and the foundation of who I am. Not until recently did I know I’m 51% indigenous American – Mexico and 25% Spanish – Spain. On my mother side our ancestors were “Called People of the Land,” on my father side we are descendants’ from the Apache Tribe. Growing up I didn’t know anything about where our family came from other then my grandfather and grandmother on my mother’s side were from Baja California. Knowing this information now is very important to me because of some of the traits I have and can now understand from where they came.

Who are some of your favorite Latinx/Hispanic artists/authors?
A few of my favorite artists are Diego Rivera, Salvador Dali, Rita Moreno and Isabel Allende.

Any favorite Latinx/Hispanic local businesses?
I like Molcajete Cocina Mexicana on Webster Street, near our Oakland office, they make killer nachos.

What are your favorite cultural traditions/dishes?
My family makes the traditional tamales for Christmas and Menudo for New Year’s Day (helps with hangovers).

What is the best career advice you’ve ever received?
Someone once wisely said to me, “Be confident in what you are doing and turn your mistakes into a learning experience.”

Tell us about any volunteer activities.
I volunteer for the Salvation Army and deliver food on Thanksgiving and Christmas Day. My husband and I are big dog lovers and are always willing to foster them while they wait for a new home, we are considered “Foster Fails” as they wind up staying with us. in fact, we rescued our dog Frankie from Taiwan. He was with us for almost 14 years, and we couldn’t have asked for a better companion.

Catherine Carlisle Named One to Watch in the Commercial Litigation Category by Best Lawyers

Of counsel Catherine Carlisle was recently named a lawyer to watch by Best Lawyers in the Commercial Litigation category.

The Best Lawyers’ Ones to Watch recognitions given to attorneys who are earlier in their careers for outstanding professional excellence in private practice in America. Learn more about Cathy and her background.

Meyers Nave’s Eminent Domain Team Partners With L.A. County Metro to Acquire Property From the Beverly Hills Unified School District for the Westside Purple Line Subway Extension Project

Meyers Nave’s Eminent Domain Team is proud to partner with the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority (“Metro”) on its property acquisition needs to extend the Westside Purple Line Subway Extension Project from Downtown Los Angeles to Westwood/UCLA. We recently concluded trials relating to subsurface subway tunnel easements located beneath the Beverly Hills High School and Beverly Hills Unified School District Administration Building.

David Skinner, lead counsel from Meyers Nave’s Eminent Domain Team, explains, “Certainly, trials should be a last resort in eminent domain proceedings. Public entities should always try to resolve their property acquisition needs with landowners by settlement. This is particularly true where the landowner is another public entity.” But, here, there were two separate trials to resolve BHUSD’s legal claims. The first was a “bench trial” in December 2019 to confirm Metro’s legal right to acquire the subsurface subway tunnel easements (as a “compatible” and/or “more necessary” public use) by eminent domain. The second was a “jury trial” in July 2022 to resolve BHUSD’s claims for “just compensation,” including the fair market value of the subsurface easements and severance damages to the remainder property. Ultimately, while BHUSD asked the jury to award (for both cases) a total of $53,814,000, the jury verdict was $1,046,000.

These trial results support Metro’s efforts to reduce traffic, congestion and carbon emissions from automobile use, and to make affordable public transportation options available to all in Los Angeles.

In addition to David Skinner, the Meyers Nave team also included associate Kristof Szoke.

Eight Meyers Nave Attorneys Recognized as 2023 “Best Lawyers in America”

Meyers Nave proudly announces that eight of our attorneys are recognized in the 2023 edition of The Best Lawyers in America.

Their legal expertise and professional accomplishments reflect the high regard of numerous Meyers Nave practices, including eminent domain, environmental law, land use, litigation, municipal law and natural resources law. Their recognitions also demonstrate Meyers Nave’s reputation for excellent client work from attorneys in each of our offices throughout California.

We congratulate the following attorneys on their 2023 Best Lawyers rankings:

Inclusion in Best Lawyers® is based on nomination, voting and evaluation by peers in the same practice area and geographic region. Best Lawyers® assesses the information and checks each attorney’s status with local bar associations. Lawyers do not pay to be included.  First published in 1983, The Best Lawyers in America is regarded as a definitive guide to excellence in the legal profession.


Meyers Nave Successfully Represents the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power in Appeal Against the County of Mono in Water Allocation Dispute

Meyers Nave successfully represented the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power (LADWP) in an appeal against the County of Mono and the Sierra Club, overturning a trial court’s decision that LADWP’s annual water allocations to ranchers leasing land from LADWP in Mono County were subject to California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA), which would have required LADWP to conduct an environmental review before making annual decisions about deliveries of water on pastureland it owns southeast of Yosemite.

The plaintiffs argued that LADWP’s 2018 water allocation was a change to LADWP’s historic water allocation practices requiring new CEQA review. The Court of Appeal disagreed, finding that the annual allocations were actions in furtherance of the 2010 approvals of the leases with the ranchers and did not require any further CEQA review.

Of the appellate court’s reversal, Anselmo Collins, the LADWP’s senior assistant general manager of water systems said it ensures that the agency, “will continue to have the flexibility required to balance the state’s strained water resources with the needs of people and the environment.”

Amrit Kulkarni who led the Meyers Nave team on the matter said, “The court’s decision will allow LADWP to continue to manage its water resources to meet the many competing customer, environmental, and regulatory demands on LADWP’s water free from annual litigation on these decisions.”

The matter was highlighted in the Los Angeles Times article, “L.A. wins water battle with Mono County amid worsening drought.”

The Meyers Nave team included Amrit Kulkarni, Julia Bond and Ed Grutzmacher.

Get to Know Labor and Employment Attorney Corrin Johnson

Corrin Johnson recently joined Meyers Nave’s Labor and Employment Group as a senior associate in our San Diego office. Corrin provides advice and counsel to public and private entities on a broad range of matters involving discrimination, retaliation, wrongful termination, harassment and wage and hour disputes.

We asked her about her career path, why she decided to become a Labor and Employment attorney and why she chose Meyers Nave.

Why did you become a lawyer?

I love problem solving and helping people. Being an attorney gives me the opportunity to do both.

Why did you choose your practice area?

The labor and employment field touches all of us on a daily basis, whether it’s as employees ourselves or as patrons of a business. So many employers want to do right by their employees, but California’s laws are not always intuitive and are ever-changing. I enjoy figuring out the best approach to a client’s issue, while taking the stress away from them. Advising clients on how to avoid problems in the future is my favorite part.

Why did you join Meyers Nave?

The people. I feel extremely lucky to be working with such smart and accomplished yet down to earth people. There’s no better way to say it than as Janice Brown says, “It’s a vibe.” I am so happy to be here!

What is your proudest accomplishment?

During my time representing students with disabilities, I had a case where I was able to secure a much-needed change of placement for a child who had attempted suicide at school. After the case was resolved, the father of the student said to me, “You saved my child’s life.” I will never forget how incredible those words made me feel. That student went on to become an activist and was recently selected to participate in the first-ever Mental Health Youth Action Forum at the White House.

Where did you grow up?

A small suburb of Pittsburgh, PA.

Tell us about your interests and hobbies.

I enjoy yoga and gardening.

Q&A With Janice Brown and Arlene Yang on Their Victory in Employment Termination Defense Verdict

We asked Janice Brown and Arlene Yang to tell us about their experience working on the Meyers Nave legal team with Nicole Ries Fox that recently won a defense verdict on all accounts in an employment law case after seven years of litigation and a 10-day bench trial in the Superior Court of California, County of San Diego.

The case, Horner v. Leone, concerned a former executive of Mr. Copy, Inc., dba MRC Smart Technology Solutions, Inc., who alleged that his former employer, and its founder and former president, Robert Leone, constructively terminated his employment, discriminated against him based on his age, retaliated against him, and promised to employ him for his working life, and failed to pay him wages, sales commissions and reimbursements.

What was the most challenging aspect of the case?

Janice: The other side was quite relentless in pursuing a multi-million dollar win and our client was equally relentless in agreeing not to pay.

Arlene: When representing employers, it’s often frustrating because the cost and risks to bring a case to trial are so high. It was satisfying to get a decision vindicating our clients’ actions.

What did you enjoy most about working on this matter?

Janice: Working with the team, Arlene and Nicole. I also want to give a shout-out to paralegals Tony Kay and Amy Mudd.

Arlene: Your team matters. Our team is hardworking and smart, but we also care about each other and know how to have a good time. Our clients and many third-party witnesses were excellent partners.

Learn more about the case:

Learn more about our Labor and Employment Group.


Meyers Nave Achieves Defense Verdict in Alleged $2.8 Million Employment Termination Case After Seven Years of Litigation

Attorneys Janice Brown, Arlene Yang, and Nicole Ries Fox prevailed in a recent decision by the Superior Court of California, County of San Diego, in an employment litigation case in which the plaintiff sought more than $2.8 million, plus punitive damages.

Following seven years of litigation and a ten-day bench trial, Judge Eddie C. Sturgeon ruled in favor of the defendants on all counts, a rare occurrence in employment law cases.

The case, Horner v. Leone, concerned a former executive of Mr. Copy, Inc., dba MRC Smart Technology Solutions, Inc., who alleged that his former employer, and its founder and former president, Robert Leone, constructively terminated his employment, discriminated against him based on his age, retaliated against him, and promised to employ him for his working life, and failed to pay him wages, sales commissions and reimbursements.

At trial, witness testimony highlighted the fact that the plaintiff had actually accepted a new job for more pay before he resigned, that he had years of poor performance, and that he sought commissions for accounts that he stopped managing months earlier.

The Court concluded that the plaintiff did not prove that Mr. Copy or Mr. Leone breached any employment agreement; defrauded him; discriminated against him based on his age; retaliated against him; constructively terminated his employment; or failed to pay his wages, commissions, and reimbursements.

Janice Brown, Principal in Meyers Nave’s Labor and Employment Practice, Workplace Investigations Practice and Commercial Litigation Practice, noted, “We tried multiple times to resolve this case without trial, but could not reach agreement. In the end, the Court agreed that our clients’ position was meritorious, and we prevailed on all counts. We thank the Court and the Honorable Eddie C. Sturgeon for his diligence and patience in overseeing this seven-year case. Arlene, Nicole and I recognize the challenge of receiving such a favorable ruling for the defendants in an employment law case. We’re particularly pleased for the founder of Mr. Copy, Inc., Robert Leone, who was the executive who hired Mr. Horner, and who felt the weight of this action. He feels vindicated and deservedly so.”

Why Meyers Nave

Since 1986, Meyers Nave helps clients resolve their most nuanced, challenging, and complex transaction, litigation, and regulatory compliance issues. We are known for our outstanding track record of successful outcomes as well as the creativity we bring to solving high-stakes precedent-setting matters. A highly regarded leader in our founding practice of municipal and special district law, we are also go-to counsel for our wide-ranging experience in land use, environmental law, construction, public contracts, eminent domain, First Amendment law, commercial litigation, labor and employment, workplace investigations, trial and litigation, crisis management, public finance, real estate, and housing, among many other key disciplines. Meyers Nave offers the statewide reach of a California firm with the client service flexibility of a medium-size team. For more information about Meyers Nave, please visit